Decoding the Appraisal ProcessA home purchase can be the biggest investment some of us may ever consider. Whether it's a main residence, an additional vacation property or an investment, the purchase of real property is a complex transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to see it through.
Most people are familiar with the parties taking part in the transaction. The real estate agent is the most familiar entity in the exchange. Then, the mortgage company provides the money needed to bankroll the deal. The title company makes sure that all aspects of the exchange are completed and that the title is clear to pass to the buyer from the seller.
So what party is responsible for making sure the value of the property is consistent with the amount being paid? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased estimate of what a buyer might expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a property, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Indiana licensed appraiser from Michiana Appraisals, LLC. will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
Appraisals begin with the property inspectionTo determine an accurate status of the property, it's our duty to first perform a thorough inspection. We must see features first hand, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they truly are there and are in the condition a typical buyer would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the house, ensuring the square footage is accurate and conveying the layout of the property. Most importantly, we identify any obvious features - or defects - that would affect the value of the house.
Back at the office, an appraiser employs two or three approaches when determining the value of real property: a paired sales analysis, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
Replacement CostThis is where we pull information on local building costs, labor rates and other elements to determine how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This figure often sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used predictor of value.
Paired Sales AnalysisAppraisers get to know the neighborhoods in which they appraise. We thoroughly understand the value of specific features to the people of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent transactions in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the home at hand. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as upgraded appliances, extra bathrooms, an additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we add or subtract from each comparable's sales price so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachIn the case of income producing properties - rental houses for example - the appraiser may use a third approach to value. In this situation, the amount of revenue the real estate yields is taken into consideration along with other rents in the area for comparable properties to derive the current value.
Arriving at a Value ConclusionCombining information from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to put down an estimated market value for the property in question. Note: While the appraised value is probably the strongest indication of what a property would sell for in an open market, it may not be the final sales price. There are always mitigating factors such as the seller's desire to get out of the property, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust the final price up or down. But the appraised value is typically employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than they could recover in the event they had to put the property on the market again. The bottom line is: An appraiser from Michiana Appraisals, LLC. will guarantee you discover the most fair and balanced property value, so you can make profitable real estate decisions.